Jet streams are fast-moving air currents located in the atmosphere. They play an important role in determining the weather and climate of India. This article explores what jet streams are and how they affect India’s climate.
What are Jet Streams?
Jet streams are narrow bands of strong, fast-moving winds located in the Earth’s atmosphere. They form at the boundaries between different air masses, where the air pressure and temperature can differ significantly. Jet streams typically move from west to east, and can reach speeds of up to 200 miles per hour.
The two main jet streams affecting India are the subtropical jet stream and the polar jet stream. The subtropical jet stream is located at an altitude of around 30,000 feet and moves from the Arabian Sea across India. The polar jet stream is located at an altitude of around 40,000 feet and moves from the Bay of Bengal across India.
How Do Jet Streams Affect India’s Climate?
Jet streams have a significant impact on India’s climate. They can bring warm, moist air from the Indian Ocean, which can cause increased rainfall in certain parts of India. The jet streams can also bring cold, dry air from the Himalayas, which can cause a decrease in rainfall in other parts of India.
The jet streams can also cause winds to blow from the southwest to the northeast, bringing warm air from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. This can cause increased temperatures in some areas of India, while other areas may experience cooler temperatures due to the cold air brought by the jet streams.
The jet streams can also cause cyclones to form in the Bay of Bengal, which can bring strong winds and heavy rainfall to India.
Jet streams are important air currents that play an important role in determining India’s climate. They can cause increased rainfall in some areas, while other areas may experience decreased rainfall. They can also cause increased temperatures in some areas and cooler temperatures in others. In addition, they can cause cyclones to form in the Bay of Bengal, bringing strong winds and heavy rainfall to India.