India is a vast country with a wide variety of landforms. It has a range of mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains, all of which are divided into major physiographic divisions. These divisions are the Himalayas, the Indo-Gangetic Plains, the Thar Desert, the Deccan Plateau, and the Coastal Plains. In this article, we will look at the major physiographic divisions of India and contrast the relief of the Himalayan region.
Major Physiographic Divisions of India
The Himalayas are the tallest mountain range in the world and form the northernmost boundary of India. It is home to several of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga. The Himalayas are composed of several parallel ranges, each of which is divided by deep valleys and river gorges.
The Indo-Gangetic Plains are located south of the Himalayas and extend from the eastern border of India to the western border. This region is characterized by flat plains that are crisscrossed by several rivers, including the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Indus.
The Thar Desert is located in northwestern India and is one of the largest deserts in the world. It is composed of sand dunes and rocky terrain and is home to a variety of flora and fauna.
The Deccan Plateau is located in the southern part of India and is composed of several hills and plateaus. It is home to numerous rivers, including the Godavari, the Krishna, and the Mahanadi.
The Coastal Plains are located along the eastern and western coasts of India and are characterized by low-lying land, sandy beaches, and mangrove forests.
Contrasting the Relief of the Himalayan Region
The Himalayan region is characterized by high mountains, deep valleys, and steep slopes. The highest peak, Mount Everest, is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. The terrain is rugged and steep, with numerous glaciers and snow-capped peaks. The region is also home to several rivers, including the Indus, the Ganges, and the Brahmaputra.
The relief of the Himalayan region is contrasted with the relief of the other physiographic divisions of India. The Indo-Gangetic Plains are flat and low-lying, with numerous rivers crossing the region. The Thar Desert is composed of sand dunes and rocky terrain, while the Deccan Plateau