India is a land of diverse flora and fauna, offering a rich heritage of natural beauty and resources. The country has a long history of protecting its biodiversity, from ancient times to the present day. India is home to a variety of species, ranging from majestic tigers to rare orchids, making it one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. This article will explore why India has such a rich heritage of flora and fauna.
Rich Biodiversity of India
India is home to a wide range of species, with around 8.6% of the world’s species of higher plants and 6.5% of its vertebrates. India also boasts a unique variety of wildlife, with over 90,000 species of plants, more than 350 mammals, over 1,200 birds, and nearly 4,000 species of fish.
The country is divided into four distinct geographical regions – the Himalayas, the Deccan Plateau, the Gangetic Plain and the Vindhya Range – all of which are home to different species. The Himalayas, for example, are home to the snow leopard, Himalayan musk deer, Himalayan tahr, and red panda, while the Deccan Plateau is home to species such as the Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, blackbuck, and Bengal tiger.
India is also home to a number of threatened species, including the Asiatic lion, Indian wild dog, and Indian wolf. The country has also set aside numerous protected areas in order to conserve its biodiversity, such as the Jim Corbett National Park, the Nanda Devi National Park, and the Great Himalayan National Park.
Exploring India’s Flora and Fauna Heritage
India’s flora and fauna heritage can be explored in a number of ways. For example, visitors can take a trip to one of India’s national parks or wildlife sanctuaries. Here, visitors can explore the diverse wildlife of India, from majestic tigers to rare orchids.
Visitors can also explore India’s rich cultural heritage. India has a long history of conservation and respect for its natural resources, which can be seen in its ancient temples, monuments, and ancient cities. India’s diverse cultures and religions also play a role in the preservation of its flora and fauna heritage.
The country also has a number of museums and botanical gardens that showcase its rich natural heritage. The National Museum of Natural History in New Delhi, for example, has exhibits on the country’s flora and fauna, as well